Phoebe Wise in Mansfield’s Family Album

It has been three or four generations since Phoebe Wise has been gone, and there are very few people alive today who ever actually laid eyes on her, and yet she still has a place in the family of this town.  Perhaps today her place is less in memory and history and rather more in the nature of lore and legend.

She lived during an era when Mansfield was more like a family—an oddly dysfunctional family to be sure—but still small enough to recognize everybody: connected, proud and caring, with a sense of belonging.  In our city’s family she was known as the eccentric aunt—the one who never married, whose legacy was wild and solitary, who was weird enough that she made everybody else—no matter how peculiar, or wounded or awkward—seem very normal next to her.

We all loved her, we all worried about her, we all celebrated her very unique soul that always shone outside the confines of customary, conventional life.  She was very different, and in that age it made her valuable.

Phoebe Wise was admired for her courage after the famous robbery at her lonely farmhouse…perhaps more admired than she cared to be. The story appeared in a national Police Gazette publication illustrated with her photo, and in the following weeks she received eight offers of marriage through the mail from as far away as the East Coast. When she spoke of her distant suitors she was alternately horrified, scornful and amused.

The Legend

In the 1930s and ’40s her life’s tale was woven into fanciful stories in the writings of our homegrown famous author, so for a generation there were hundreds of thousands of readers all over the world who were familiar with Phoebe’s legend.  Her character walked through novels and popular magazines, and even appeared on early television as a figure of tragedy or romance or light, sentimental comedy. 

It magnified her mystique in local memory, and served to soften the sometimes-harsh edges of her tale by blurring the facts.

Depending on how the story was told and who was telling it, Phoebe’s crime could be spun as tragedy, romance or light comedy.

Local journalists, storytellers, playrights and poets retold her tale throughout the 20th century: most of these stories far more entertaining than the actual facts of the case.

She did kill a man, that much is fact—it is in the court records—but how it came about has been subject to considerable plot modification.  It makes better script if the slain man was somebody she loved and lost, but in actuality he was kind of unhinged and had been pestering her, stalking, and attacking her for so long there wasn’t anyone in the town who was surprised when she shot him.

The trial afterward—what there was of it—was a merely procession of character witnesses who all came to speak on Phoebe’s behalf.  In the 1890s it was still a community with one foot planted in farm life, and they all understood that when the rabid animal is put down no one is to blame.

Author Louis Bromfield met Phoebe when he was young and she made such an impression on him that he wrote about her at least six different times in his career as a novelist.

The Headlines

She was robbed, that was well documented in the papers too.  Some wayward kids—they were only in their early 20s—got it in their minds that Phoebe was rich, so they tied her up and burned the soles of her feet to make her tell where the money was stashed.

It was the kind of horrific crime against a woman who lived alone that awakened nightmares in the public conscience, because the story was picked up by newspapers all over the country and read with great sympathy by folks who never knew her, who didn’t even know where Mansfield was.

Locally it made the Mansfield family even more protective of her, more defensive of her character.  Because, believe me, there was plenty about her that made strangers look twice…three times.

Phoebe Wise came to town once or twice a week on the streetcar, and walking up and down the streets, shopping, chatting with friends, there was not much chance you would fail to notice her.  For decades, long after it was fashionable, she dressed up to go to town in an old Victorian era gown with ruffles and trounces, a bit of a bustle bumped out on her backside, and a train that dragged in the dust.

Most people thought of it as a sort of wedding gown because it was formal and antique, but years of weather and dust on the streets had discolored and frayed the bottom of the costume so that it seemed to grow out of the earth like gnarly roots of a tree.

Her hands had long lacy gloves with a knot of sparkling glass jewels on her knuckles.  On top of her head was a wide-brimmed low hat that she always decorated with fresh flowers cut from her garden, and streamers of silk ribbons.

People said if they hadn’t known it was Phoebe, they would have thought it was a madwoman making her way up Main Street.  But once anyone spoke with her they never again thought twice about her costume.  She had an aura and a charm.  Phoebe was very knowledgeable about almost anything worth talking about.

Cleaning out her house years later there were many books in which she had kept notes on the end pages, notes of everything from characters in Dickens to the correct names and positions of Cleveland’s major league baseball team.  She had been a teacher once, at the age of 14 in a one-room school not far from her home, and she played the piano from an early age—both classical music and sentimental ballads.

Phoebe stood on the sidewalks and spoke at length with leaders of the community who were fond of her, but also with housewives and laborers, ragged idlers and panhandlers, kitchen maids and lost children.  She engaged with anyone who looked in her eyes, and anyone who had that conversation, or even a word of encouragement from her, came to love and respect her.  Her eyes were dark and deep and everyone said she could see you for who you really were.

A Mansfield councilman speaking years later of Phoebe Wise said that sometimes coming up the street it looked as if she had her whole garden on the top of her head. To the end of her life in 1933 she dressed to go to town in clothes fashionable in the 1880s.

Phoebe’s odd little farmhouse near the Reformatory was never really safe once word was established among the idlers in town that she was supposedly very wealthy. One time when she was away for a few days thieves broke in and tore up the floorboards looking for the stash. After she died in 1933 the place was progressively dismantled by treasure hunters, and was completely gone in 1937.

Phoebe’s father admonished her to never sell the 20 acres where the Wise farmhouse stood, insisting that the springs were worth a million dollars.

She was able to make a modest income from her little pond by selling water to the railroad for the use of steam locomotives running past her property.

The Character

The robbery left a terrible scar on her, however, and afterward her walk was a little broken with a limp.  Her costumes became even more bizarre, and she was seen sometimes wearing two dresses, one on top of the other.  Children were somewhat alarmed by her because as her life went on she bathed less, and mumbled as she walked.  Sometimes she was heard to have conversations at the diner with someone across the table who no one else could see.

To the adults in town none of that mattered.  They all knew her story, they all held her as family, and quietly respected her dignity.

The word they used for Phoebe was ‘tetched,’ as in ‘touched by God.’  She had a laser-clear connection with all creatures—from people in Mansfield to squirrels in her orchard.  She talked with the animals on her place just the same as if they were people.

She had a guard dog for years, and then after the invasions of her home she also kept a horse in her home who kept strangers at a distance with its hooves and teeth until she said they were welcome.

Her land was near the Reformatory—in fact her father had sold the land where OSR was built.  It was the Reformatory street car she rode into town, and the tracks at the edge of her property brought her another modern convenience as well: electricity.

Phoebe’s lonely farmhouse was always lit up at night because she early on figured out how to run a wire from the electric streetcar tracks.  Periodically officials from the electric company made their way to her place, and past the horse, so they could scold Phoebe and disconnect her wildcat power.

She was contrite until they were out of sight back on their way to town, and then she’d go hook it up again.  It was a little game they played.  She had neighbors who offered to pay for her electricity, but neither she nor the electric company wanted the game to end so it continued until she died.

As Phoebe grew older and less able, the town found ways to help her along. Neighboring farmers plowed and harvested her cropland to provide an income, teenagers in the area split firewood for her, church women in town organized drives to collect food and bedding for her.
This photo taken in her wild, overgrown yard has a double exposure, capturing two women posing with Phoebe between them.

Phoebe never paid to ride on the streetcar. The drivers of the Reformatory line usually let her ride, and sometimes refused, but she claimed it was the least they owed her because the trolley tracks were built on her land.
Years later, when surveying for the Route 30 highway nearby, officials discovered that what she said was true.
Phoebe’s father sold the land to the State where OSR was built, and she lived in its shadow for the greatest part of her life.

Living Memorials

Phoebe Wise lived her entire life in the same odd little farmhouse north of town from 1848 to 1933.  After she was gone the house didn’t last long from the depredations of scavengers and souvenir hunters, tramps and vandals.  After the home was gone there was still another generation when the site was bright with her gardens gone wild and the orchard gone to seed.  For years, a lush stand of exuberant lilacs kept the spot like a shadow of life so vital and fertile it takes generations to pass from the memory of the land itself.

It is remarkable how many people in Mansfield put Phoebe’s obituary into their scrapbooks.
This as much as anything is a clear indicator of the unique place she held in the conscience and memory
and heart of the town.

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